how to sharpen a knife

how to sharpen a knife

When making any preparation, knives are a very necessary kitchen utensil, being our main work tool. Cutting food is a very frequent activity when it comes to cooking, it is a task that is present in the 3 main meals of the day, from the morning to cut bread for breakfast, at noon to peel potatoes for lunch or at night to cut small pieces of chicken for dinner.

Perhaps for the three preparations that we have just mentioned you usually use the same knife, either because it is your favorite knife or you feel that it is the one that cuts the best. The truth is that all knives cut, but using the same knife to cut and peel all kinds of food is one of the most common mistakes. Each food needs a type of cut, making this task easier in the kitchen, with neater cuts and also getting the most out of our food.

The daily use of knives in the kitchen wears down their sharpness and it is one of the utensils that its correct and frequent maintenance leaves in oblivion. A dull knife can become a headache, because it delays the preparation of preparations, causes irregular cuts and can cause accidents.


A dull knife is not very useful when cooking, on the contrary, it becomes a very dangerous item, since a dull blade requires more force to cut the food, increasing the risk of slipping and causing accidents.

Sharpening is essential for your knives, which depends on how often you use them, for which it is recommended to do it every 30 to 40 uses. There are some ways to know if your knife needs to be sharpened, the first is to take a tomato and slice it, if you have a hard time cutting the skin it is a sign that you should sharpen it.


In most Colombian kitchens you will find a peculiar utensil, a stone. Some use it to crush food, split panela and also to sharpen knives. Any stone will serve you for this task, you just have to go out to your garden and choose one with a flat shape. For this, soak the stone in water for a few minutes and put it in a stable place, hold the knife so that the blade when sharpening is at an angle of approximately 20° on the stone. Gently slide the knife across both sides.


If you prefer to go the fixed way with a knife sharpener, in the market you can find multiple types of sharpeners, some electric or manual. Using the manual sharpener is very easy, you just need to insert the knife into the slot and exert a light force, pressing the blade down while going through the slot several times. Repeat this procedure between 3 to 6 times.


In the market you will find a wide variety of knives of different shapes, colors and grips, the truth is that all knives were made with the same purpose, to cut food; but among so much variety we always end up choosing the same type of knife for all preparations, without knowing that each food needs a certain cut, which the length and shape of each knife are decisive when cutting them.

Learn about the different types of knife and the different functions of each one so that, when cooking, you have the right ones at hand for each task.


This type of knife is the most recognized of all, you will be able to identify it immediately due to its recurring and fundamental use when consuming food. It is usually the same length as the table fork and spoon. It has small teeth that make it easy to cut food.



From professional chefs to those who are just starting out in the kitchen up to now, this type of knife is ideal. It is a medium-large multipurpose knife, with a thick and wide blade of 15 to 25 centimeters that allows you to cut, chop and slice vegetables, meat and fish.


It is the second most used in the kitchen, they say that it is the version of the chef’s knife on a smaller scale. Due to its smaller size, it is very useful for making more precise cuts such as cutting edges, peeling and chopping small fruits, cutting a piece of cheese and even making decorations with vegetables.

It is very easy to handle, so it is not necessary to always cut with this knife on a chopping board, its size gives us good handling on which we can chop or peel fruits and vegetables just by holding it in the air.

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